Welcome to yet another installation of my grammar and punctuation guides! This time around I'm delving into the wonderful world of words! It's no secret that many people struggle with forms of words or, to be more technical, homophones, homographs, and capitonyms. (Heterographs seem to be the most confusing, and the following list consists mostly of such words.) What are these strange things you speak of?! Before you worry, I bet many of you recall these terms from primary or secondary school. You may just need to refresh your memory. If you are unconcerned with technical terms, feel free to skip straight to the list. Forms of Words (Move your mouse to reveal the content) Forms of Words (open) Forms of Words (close) Homophones are words that are pronounced the same as other words but have different and unrelated meanings. There are two specific types of homophones: Homonyms: spelled and pronounced the same way (e.g. duck) Heterographs: spelled differently but pronounced the same way (e.g. you, ewe) Homographs are words that are spelled the sames as other words but have different meanings. There is one specific type of homograph: Heteronym: spelled the same way but pronounced differently (e.g. lead/lead) Capitonyms are words that have different meanings when the word begins with a capital letter. An example of this would be Polish (from Poland) and polish (to shine something). Commonly Confused Words: accept - to receive something except - with exclusion affect - to influence or impact effect - result or outcome aisle - space between rows isle - an island air - invisible, gaseous substance; quality of; unconfined space above the surface of the earth; tune or melody; to expose heir - a person inheriting and/or continuing a legacy (often familial) allowed - permitted aloud - out loud allude - to make indirect reference elude - to evade altar - sacred platform or table alter - to change a lot - large quantity allot - to divvy out are - plural present of "be" our - belonging to the speaker and one or more other people bare - naked or unadorned; to expose bear - animal; to carry; to tolerate boar - wild pig bore - to hollow out; an uninteresting person or task; to make weary by being dull or uninteresting boor - unrefined or ill-mannered person board - a piece of wood bored - uninterested; hollowed out brake - to stop; an interlude break - to destroy or damage; to wound buy - purchase by - beside; through agency of bye - short for "goodbye"; advancement in a competition through absence of opponent cease - to bring to or come to an end seize - to take forcible possession of; to become stuck or jammed; to have bodily convulsions (seizures) cite - to quote or mention site - an area or location of; (web)site; to build in a particular place sight - ability to see; something seen or glimpsed; someone's view or consideration; to take aim down a gun compliment - expression of praise or congratulations; to present as a mark of courtesy complement - to complete or improve definitely - without doubt defiantly - boldly resistant or challenging elicit - to draw out illicit - illegal everyday - routine, commonplace every day - each day, successive order fair - just, honest; lightly pigmented or complected; festival fare - fee for travel; food hear - to perceive sound here - in this place hole - an opening whole - entire or complete hollow - empty; without significance or meaning hallow - to make holy; revered as something holy; greatly revered or respected lose - to be deprived of; cease to retain; to misplace; opposite of win loose - neither firmly nor tightly fixed or fitted; to free or release manner - decorum or behaviour manor - a large estate metal - a hard, natural ore medal - an award mettle - spirit, energy passed - past tense of "pass" past - previously in time peace - freedom from disturbance piece - a part of; selection of music peak - point, pinnacle, or maximum peek - to peer or look; to protrude slightly pique - to excite; to affect with irritation pedal - foot lever of bicycle or car petal - part of a flower peddle - to sell plain - simple, bland; open, treeless expanse plane - aircraft; level of existence or thought; flat or level surface queue - a line or sequence awaiting in turn cue - a signal for action; hint or indication; a prompt; stick used for billiards or pool rain - weather condition; to fall like rain reign - to rule rein - to guide or control; part of a bridal to control an animal raise - to lift up raze - to destroy right - correct; opposite of left rite - ritual or ceremony write - to compose scene - location of an incident; a place or position; a division of an act in a play or opera seen - past participle of "see" see - to view sea - large body of salt water; a vast expanse than - in comparison then - at that time; next their - possessive form of "they" there - in that place they're - they are through - into and out of; finished threw - past tense of "throw" thorough - performed with care and detail to - used to indicate; toward too - as well, also; used to show emphasis two - the number following one waist - midsection of the body waste - rubbish; to squander weak - opposite of strong week - seven consecutive days weather - climatic condition whether - if wear - to put on; to become damaged over time; to withstand; to pass time slowly or tediously where - at what location ware - something offered for sale were (prefix) - e.g. werewolf, werebear were - second person singular past, plural past, and past subjunctive of "be" we're - we are whir - low, continuous sound which - one of witch - practitioner of witchcraft your - possessive of "you" you're - you are yore - time long past Thanks for reading! If you have any questions or think are are other commonly confused words you think I should add, please let me know!