In the general knowledge of English misuse of words is rather common. My tutorial is for those who have the basic knowledge of words in English but are still uncertain of the actual meaning of the word. Here are few examples of common words being misused in a sentence structure. The ones you wouldn't think would be a problem; but are a big problem when doing a project in English or any language or even teaching. Accept Vs Except (Move your mouse to reveal the content) Accept Vs Except (open) Accept Vs Except (close) Accept vs Except = Accept means to receive something. Except means to exclude something. Advise vs Advice = Incorrect: "I didn't ask for your advise." Correct: "I didn't ask for your advice." Advise is a verb. Advice is a noun. You can advise someone, but you can't advice him. Affect vs. Effect (Move your mouse to reveal the content) Affect vs. Effect (open) Affect vs. Effect (close) Affect vs. Effect Incorrect: "The rain has a bad affect on my mood." Correct: "The rain has a bad effect on my mood." All right vs Alright. (Move your mouse to reveal the content) All right vs Alright. (open) All right vs Alright. (close) All Right vs. Alright Sorry, but alright is incorrect. It's correctly spelled as two words: All right. However, it could be argued that alright is appropriate for dialogue. It's closer to the way it sounds. Also, nobody should beat you up for writing alright in an online forum or chat room. All right? E.G. vs E.I. (Move your mouse to reveal the content) E.G. vs E.I. (open) E.G. vs E.I. (close) E.G. vs. I.E. The difference between E.G. and I.E. is subtle, but let's look at their root meanings: E.G. stands for the Latin exempli gratia, which means "for example." So you might use it like this: "I love many different kinds of desserts, e.g. apple pie or chocolate cake." I.E. is Latin for id est, which stands for "that is" or "in other words." So you might use it like this: "My favorite dessert is pie, i.e. apple pie." Hear vs Here. (Move your mouse to reveal the content) Hear vs Here. (open) Hear vs Here. (close) Hear vs. Here Incorrect: "Here, here!" Correct: "Hear, hear!" Here is a location; it refers to wherever we happen to be right now. Hear refers to one of your five senses, the ability to recognize sound. People confuse these words. The issue mostly comes up with the phrase "Hear, hear!," which is meant to call attention to a speaker's words. It also implies fervent agreement. It evolved from phrases like "Hear him!" and "Hear ye!" Its vs It's (Move your mouse to reveal the content) Its vs It's (open) Its vs It's (close) Its vs. It's Incorrect: "Its mine." Correct: "It's mine." Its is possessive. It's is a contraction of it is. Whenever you see that apostrophe, always translate it's to it is. Sound out the sentence in your head. If sounds dumb to say it is in the sentence, then it's is incorrect. Lay vs Lie (Move your mouse to reveal the content) Lay vs Lie (open) Lay vs Lie (close) Lay vs. Lie Incorrect: "Now lie me down to sleep." Correct: "Now lay me down to sleep." Lay is used when something is being acted upon. Lie is something you do without anyone or anything doing something to you. Example: "I decided to lie down on the floor." Here's where things get more confusing: The past tense of lie is lay. The past tense of lay is laid. Examples: "I laid down the piggy bank." "The piggy bank lay there yesterday." Even I have a hard time keeping these words straight. Mixing up lay and laid isn't likely to get you barbecued by grouchy grammarians. Just remember that layed is a misspelling, which means it's flat out wrong no matter what! Loose vs Lose (Move your mouse to reveal the content) Loose vs Lose (open) Loose vs Lose (close) Loose vs. Lose Incorrect: "I just know I'm going to loose this race." Correct: "I just know I'm going to lose this race." You can't use these spellings interchangeably: Not only are the meanings subtly different, they also SOUND different. Lose has more of a Z sound, while loose has more of a hiss to it. No one vs noone (Move your mouse to reveal the content) No one vs noone (open) No one vs noone (close) No One vs. Noone Incorrect: "Noone visits my website." Correct: "No one visits my website." Noone is not a word. Unless it's a result of someone typing super fast, this one baffles me. By mushing no one together like this, you're creating a word that would be pronounced "noon-eh" or "noon." Per say vs Per Se (Move your mouse to reveal the content) Per say vs Per Se (open) Per say vs Per Se (close) Per Say vs. Per Se Incorrect: "I didn't mean that, persay." Correct: "I didn't mean that, per se." Per se is Latin for "in and of itself." Persay is the way it sounds, but it's not the correct way to spell it. Then vs Than (Move your mouse to reveal the content) Then vs Than (open) Then vs Than (close) Then vs. Than Incorrect: "I thought you knew better then that." Correct: "I thought you knew better than that." People get these mixed up all the time, driving the poor grammarians batty. These words should not be used interchangeably. Here's the difference: Then refers to a point in time, usually after something has happened or some condition is met. "First we mix the flour and sugar, then we add the butter." Than is used for comparing things, such as length, height, weight, etc. "I think this dog weighs more than me." There vs They're vs Their. (Move your mouse to reveal the content) There vs They're vs Their. (open) There vs They're vs Their. (close) There vs. They're vs. Their People get these mixed up all the time. Let's look at these words in their correct form: "The book is over there." "That's their book." "They're getting the book." Remember, their is possessive. You're talking about who owns what. They're is a contraction. If the sentence sounds fine when you reword it with they are, you know you're using the right pronoun. There refers to where someone or something is. Weather vs Whether (Move your mouse to reveal the content) Weather vs Whether (open) Weather vs Whether (close) Weather vs. Whether Incorrect: "I don't care weather you like it or not." Correct: "I don't care whether you like it or not." Weather refers to the state of the atmosphere, whether it's raining, snowing, windy, cold, etc. Whether is a choice between two or more options. Your vs You're (Move your mouse to reveal the content) Your vs You're (open) Your vs You're (close) Your vs. You're Incorrect: "This land is you're land." Correct: "This land is your land." Your is possessive. There is no apostrophe in this possessive pronoun when you add an "s" at the end. Yours is correct, your's is wrong. You're is a contraction of "you are." If you ever get confused with your and you're, try rewording the sentence with you are. If you are totally changes the meaning of the sentence and makes it sound stupid (like "This is you are book"), you know you should be using your instead. Sense vs Since (Move your mouse to reveal the content) Sense vs Since (open) Sense vs Since (close) Sense refers to your senses, such as smell, taste, sight, and touch. It can also mean detecting something: "I sense you're unhappy with me for not owning a phone." Since refers to a time or past event. Specifically, from then till now. It can also be a substitute for the word because. "Since I don't have a phone, you might as well write to me more often." I hope this tutorial will help you with future writings.