Gender roles are an important part of how any society is structured; of course this is as much to do with what is expected of men as of women. Gender roles define a lot of things, both consciously and unconsciously, including but not limited to Hobbies (Boys like cars and Girls like sewing) Jobs (Boys are better with manual labour, Girls are better with service) Habits (Boys are quiet and serious, girls are giggly and chatty) Body type (Boys should be tall and muscular, Girls should be thin and have large breasts/hips) Fashion (Boys dress in plain clothes, Girls dress in colourful, fancier clothes) Families (Dad works, Mom raises the kids) Gifts (Give boys tools, give girls flowers) Dating (The boy should ask the girl out) Whether they're grounded on facts is irrelevant, and how much people actually follow them is irrelevant, the point is that expectations are in place, and people are aware of them when making decisions, therefore, deciding the gender roles of a society will influence a lot of how characters behave. When forming gender roles, it can be tempting to just flip everything on it's head, but please remember that you need to consider how the gaps are filled; if you create an all-girl, fighting-amazoness type clan, you need to consider what families are like, what do the men do while the women are fighting, where do the kids come from? Who does the cooking and cleaning? etcetera. What are five hobbies/pasttimes that are considered decidedly feminine/masculine? What are some jobs that are considered decidedly feminine/masculine? What is a steretypical woman's life like? What are the views on homosexuals/transsexuals/Transvestites in regards to how they fit into their gender? (Eg: A lot of people steretype lesbians as being "Mannish") What is a typical family structure? Are boys and girls raised differently? Is one gender considered to be more sexually inclined than the other? Are there things men or women are percieved to be "Better" at than the other gender? Are there men percieved as feminine, or women perceived as masculine, because of facets they cannot control? (eg: a short, slight-bodied man, a tall, thick-boned woman) Are there fashions that are considered feminine or masculine? (eg: Wearing flowers, having long hair, having a beard, wearing flowing or colourful clothes) Always feel free to add more things you think of!